Children's Health & Safety Association

Issue 43: July 2018

Sunday, 01 July 2018 13:23

Home Hazard: Check your Windows and Balconies!

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July 1, 2018 – The Public Health Agency of Canada states that falling is the leading cause of injury-related hospitalization for children. 

The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission states that nearly 5,000 children fall out of windows every year and it is confirmed as one of the top five home hazards.

As children begin to explore their environment with increased strength, mobility and curiosity, the chance of this type of accident occurring multiplies because they are completely unaware of the potential dangers.

For your children's safety and for your peace of mind, Children’s Health and Safety Association recommends the following precautionary measures:

  • Do not assume an unlocked window is childproof.
  • Do not underestimate your child’s strength and capabilities.
  • Window screens are not sufficient to protect your children from falling out of a window because they can be easily lifted, torn or pushed out. Keep the windows above the first storey closed or install window safety devices.  A window guard or window stop will prevent your windows from opening beyond four inches (4"), but also allow an adult to open it fully, if required.
  • Windows and BalconiesDiscuss the dangers of climbing on indoor window ledges and leaning or pushing against window screens with your children.
  • Position cribs and other scalable furniture away from windows and your child’s reach.
  • Many municipalities require apartment windows to have mechanical safety devices so they cannot be opened more than 10 cm (4 inches). Make sure the mechanical safety devices are working properly.  If you remove or disable the safety devices, you can endanger the life of your child and the children that visit your home.
  • When opening a window for ventilation, choose one that your child cannot reach.
  • Secure doors that lead to balconies with a childproof lock.
  • If you have double-hung windows (the kind that can open from the top as well as from the bottom), we highly recommend you open the top pane. Growing children have enough strength and dexterity to open the bottom pane.
  • Children are often tempted to climb up to apartment windows and balcony guardrails to get a better view. In such instances, a fall can happen in a matter of seconds.  NEVER leave children unattended on a balcony or near an open window.
  • Windows and BalconiesUse barriers to prevent children from climbing to upper floors.
  • If you live in a two or three storey family home, strategic landscaping may lessen the extent of injury sustained in the event of a fall. Shrubs and soft edging such as wood chips or grass under a window can cushion falls.
  • Fire escapes, balconies and rooftop areas are 'unsafe' environments for children to play.
  • If you're planning to replace your windows, make sure they have the best safety features and devices.
  • Ensure curtain pulls and/or blind cords with cleats are fastened high on the window frame. Many children have been strangled while playing with dangling window blind cords.
  • Safety devices cannot take the place of adult supervision.
  • Making your home child-safe is not a one-time project – it’s an ongoing responsibility!

Additional Resources

Prevent Falls from Windows

It’s Springtime.  Are your windows safe?

Window Blind Cord Safety

Sleep Safety

Nationwide is on Every Kid’s Side!

First Aid Training Reveals the Secret Hero in Everybody

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Children's Health and Safety Association's mission is to provide up-to-date health and safety information for every concerned parent.  We believe the most effective way of instilling positive change for children is through awareness and information programs.


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