As per the 2011 Canadian Census, children under the age of fifteen number just over 5,607,000 - roughly 17% of the Canadian population, which presently stands at 33,477,000 people.
The number of children under the age of five is growing at its highest rate since the 1956 – 1961 Baby Boom.
Children under the age of four represent 6% of the population and between 2006 and 2011, the number of children aged four and younger grew by 11%.
More babies are being born and the reasons for the increase vary:
- There are a growing number of women who have reached a child-rearing age
- There are a growing number of young families settling in western Canada
- Women who put off having children have now chosen to start a family
- More woman are having more children
The Baby Boom fertility levels reached 3.7 births per woman and as of 2009; the fertility level reached 1.67 births per woman.
Despite the lower level birth rates, the population growth in Canada is the highest among its G8 peers.